What Do You Know About Flame Retardant Textiles


Use Of Flame Retardant Textiles

Fabrics and textiles surround us. The extensive use of materials makes them more likely to burn in fire hazards. Therefore, the use of these fabrics instead of traditional fabrics seems logical. There are many reasons for using textiles like curtains in homes and theaters, couches, etc. Above all, the most common use is clothing. Unlike fire retardant fabric, most clothing is not fireproof as it is formed from thin layers of natural fibers that burn easily.

In circumstances where a fire is a likely hazard, the use of FR fabrics is an effective solution. Furthermore, these fabrics go along with regular clothing or replace them completely to protect while not compromising comfort. Fireproof fabric materials protect the wearer from flames as it burns itself rather than the wearer’s skin.

With advancements in technology, protective fabrics have become more commonly used in drapes, curtains, and different furniture. As a result, homes and workplaces are safer from fire hazards. Using fabrics like these are mandatory in factories and professions like firefighting. Firefighters often have to run through burning buildings where they have to face high temperatures and direct flames.

Flame-Resistant Fabrics

Types Of Flame Retardant Fabrics  

Inherent FR

These are excellent against ARC, heat, and fire protection. Besides, these fabrics do not fade in color even after frequent washes. Furthermore, these fabrics are lighter and more comfortable workaround. These fabrics tend to have a more formal look to them, which gives it a certain appeal. However, these fabrics provide limited defense against high heat like against molten metal.

Treated FR

 Such fabrics provide excellent defense against melted metal and ARC. Whereas, flame retardant fabric treatment is more cost-effective and provides good value for the money. However, the lifespan and durability of these fabrics are comparatively not long. Similarly, the fabrics fade their color after several washes. Also, treated materials are less comfortable due to the more massive nature of the fabric.

In conclusion, after looking at a different type of fabric, at the end of the day, choosing the type of FR treatment for fabric comes to personal choice. Before buying protective clothing, certain things are better to keep in mind. Above all, something that affects the purchasing decision of fabrics depends on the atmosphere. Inherent materials may be suitable in light work as it is more comfortable and using them frequently is common: occasionally using treated fabrics is advised as they are less comfortable.

Testing Of Flame Retardant Textiles  

The ability to resist combustion, flames, and heat helps to categorize them. Various testing under laboratory conditions simulates real-life situations this fabric may face. The result determines the quality of the material, examining the fabrics under safety standards, clearly state the requirements for each aspect of the fabric. These laws ensure that the money invested by the buyer goes into the right product.

In laboratories testing these Flame retardant fabrics to record the speed of combustion in the fabric helps determine their quality. Fabric is usually burned with wood or gas-fueled fire, and sometimes cigarette smoldering on the material is done to test further durability of the fabric. As for flameproof furniture, it has its standard that measures its fire retardance. 

Flame-Resistant Fabrics

Another way to test these fabrics is to test their durability after washing. Besides, washing can make the fabric weaker and expose further weak points. Furthermore, The Flame retardant fabric can be made more vulnerable through bleach and detergents. Therefore, it is usually found on materials to wash them in a controlled manner. Since treated FR fabrics often contain a chemical coating, and washing with detergents and bleach. The coating increases fire retardance of the fabric, but without it, the fabric is less effective against heat. Therefore, the likelihood of fabric failure increases. 

Guidance To Choose Your Flame Retardant Textiles 

While searching for the best protective fabric, it can seem tricky to choose between different fabrics in the market. However, solving this problem is relatively easy, just by considering a few steps. Firstly, decide the material of the fabrics according to the environment of the workplace, respectively. To assess the environment, hiring trained professionals help to do so. Professionals like these unveil risks and hazards that may occur in the workplace. Secondly, using fireproof fabric materials according to their designs helps them work better; inherent fabrics give less protection than the treated fabric, so using them in a high heat environment can be catastrophic. 

Lastly, the best protective fabrics fall under EN standards. These standards are required to establish a few requirements that every fabric must fulfill before selling legally. Flame retardant fabrics should be durable enough to resist fire hazards, or else there is no point in buying such protective fabrics.


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